Shree Anna Conference:: Small farmers get big benefits from millet, PM Modi enumerates its benefits Shree Anna Conference:: Small farmers get big benefits from millet, PM Modi enumerates its benefits
PM Modi at Global Millets Conference: PM Modi said that the UN has declared 2023 as the International Year of Millets only after India’s proposal and efforts. India is leading the campaign as the world celebrates the International Year of the Millet.
Image credit source: PTI
Sri Anna Conference: To promote millets in the country International Millets Conference is held. Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated this conference. It was attended by Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar and foreign ministers of many countries. Prime Minister Modi also unveiled a Millets postage stamp and a Rs 75 coin as a Millets souvenir on the occasion. During this time Prime Minister Modi said that about 2.5 crore small farmers in the country are directly involved in millet production.
PM Modi said, “Marginal subsistence or small farmers of the country will be directly benefited by promoting millet and increasing its consumption. Coarse crops are grown exclusively in about 9 states of the country and are cultivated by marginalized people, especially tribals. In his initiative, the United Nations recognized 2023 as the International Millet Year and benefited 72 countries of the world.
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PM Modi also said, “The growth rate of bazar is more than 30%. Along with this, it has started in 19 districts under one district one product. About 500 startups in the country have started working from coarse grain production to its supply chain and its promotion. Till a few years ago, millet consumption per household was 2 to 3 kg per month, now it has increased to 14 kg. He said that developing coarse grain production and its supply chain in the country is most important.
PM Modi said, “Shrian protects both people and soil. Also, it is a necessary initiative for both food security and food habits. That is Sri means freedom from problems. He said, “While mata anaj is good for our body’s nutrition, on the other hand it tastes the same. Due to its high fiber and high nutritional value, its spread will be a good step for the entire global community. Also, Sri Anna will reduce lifestyle related diseases.
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Prime Minister Modi said that the government and its officials should set a target for each year for the promotion of coarse grains ie Mr. PM Modi said that connecting coarse grains to the country’s PDS system could be an important link for this. Besides, he said, if it is added to the mid-day meal, its usefulness and importance can be increased.
See related information
- According to DGCIS data, millet exports from India increased by 8.02% in 2021-22. The total export was 159332 tonnes, whereas last year the export was 147501 tonnes.
- India mainly exports millet to UAE, Nepal, Saudi Arabia, Libya, Oman, Egypt, Tunisia, Yemen, England and USA. The millets exported from here mainly include millet, ragi, canary, sorghum and buckwheat.
- Major millet importing countries in the world are Indonesia, Belgium, Japan, Germany, Mexico, Italy, USA, England, Brazil and Netherlands.
- 16 types of millets are mainly produced and exported in India. These are sorghum, bajra, ragi, kangni, chena, kodo, sawa/sanbha/jhangora, kutki, kuttu, choulai and brown top.
- Apeda has also signed an MoU with IIMR to increase farmers’ income. He also launched various millet products priced at Rs 5 to Rs 15 at the Ahar Food Fair.
Government statistics show that India produces 17 million tons of coarse grains, which is 80 percent of Asia and 20 percent of the world. If we talk about coarse grain yield, it is 1229 kg per hectare in the world, while in India it is 1239 kg per hectare. That is, more coarse grains are produced in India compared to the global level.
Coarse grain production in India
India is one of the leading producers of millets in the world and India’s estimated share of global production is about 41 percent. According to FAO, the world production of coarse cereals in 2020 was 30.464 million metric tons (MMT) and India’s share was 12.49 MMT, which is 41 percent of the total coarse cereal production. According to PIB data, India has projected a 27 percent increase in coarse grain production in 2021-22, from 15.92 MMT in the previous year.
The top five millet producing states in India are Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. Coarse grain exports account for one percent of total production. India’s millet exports mainly consist of whole grains and processed millet products are exported in lesser quantities. But it is estimated that by 2025, the bazaar market will grow to $12 billion from the current $9 billion market value.
Most cultivated in these countries
Apart from India, countries with the largest cultivation of coarse cereals are Niger, China, Nigeria, Mali, Sudan, Ethiopia, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Chad, Pakistan, Tanzania, Nepal, Russia, Ukraine, Uganda, Myanmar, Ghana and Guinea. included Most of these countries are African countries where millet is grown the most. If we look at countries, India ranks first and Niger ranks second in millet cultivation.
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